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Scholarly Article

Niños de la guerra en México: la desterritorialización como consecuencia del exilio a través de Carlos Blanco Aguinaga y Angelina Muñiz-Huberman

Author:

Juan Antonio Godoy

Harvard University, US
About Juan
Juan Godoy holds a Double Ph.D. in Spanish Literature from Florida International University and University Complutense of Madrid. His dissertation, entitled “Memory, Identity and Literature of Self: the Narratives of the Second Generation of Spanish Civil War Exiles”, focuses on 1) identity and nationalism; 2) memory, trauma and autobiographical texts; and 3) cultural hybridization through the narratives of the second generation of Spanish Civil War exiles. He also does research on second language acquisition. He is interested in task-based teaching; the inclusion of critical thinking in second language acquisition; and the relationships between language and identity, with focus on the Afro-American community and its role in the Spanish classroom.
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Abstract

El estallido de la Guerra Civil española el 17 de julio de 1937 marcó un antes y un después en la sociedad española. Las consecuencias de este conflicto tuvieron un impacto mucho más allá de las fronteras españolas, especialmente en aquellos países que acogieron a los exiliados que huían de las represalias del gobierno franquista. La política de puertas abiertas de Lázaro Cárdenas atrajo a miles de familias a México que llegaron en numerosas oleadas buscando refugio mientras esperaban la caída del régimen. Entre estas familias se encontraban las de Carlos Blanco Aguinaga y Angelina Muñiz Huberman, futuros escritores que se establecieron en la capital mexicana con apenas trece años el primero y tan sólo seis la segunda. A diferencia de sus padres, ellos no habían decidido marchar al exilio de forma voluntaria, puesto que no tenían una conciencia plena de la situación debido a su corta edad. Sin embargo, se vieron forzados a enfrentarse a la experiencia del exilio durante su infancia, lo que provocó el nacimiento, con el paso del tiempo, de un nuevo discurso identitario nacionalista basado en la desaparición de las fronteras geográficas como elemento primordial. Este ensayo pretende explorar el surgimiento de una identidad desterritorializada a través de una aproximación a las memorias -pseudomemorias- de ambos escritores partiendo de las teorías de Deleuze y Guattari posteriormente desarrolladas por críticos como Joris Pierre y Rosi Braidotti y su interpretación del sujeto nómada. //

The outbreak of the Spanish Civil War on July 17, 1937 marked a before and after in Spanish society. However, the consequences of this conflict had an impact far beyond the Spanish borders, especially in those countries that welcomed all those exiles fleeing the reprisals of the Franco government. The open-door policy of Lázaro Cárdenas attracted thousands of families to Mexico who arrived in numerous waves seeking refuge while awaiting the fall of Franco´s regime. Among these families were those of Carlos Blanco Aguinaga and Angelina Muñiz Huberman. Being 13 the first of them and only 6 the second of the aforementioned writers, they settled in the Mexican capital. Unlike their parents, they had not decided to go into exile voluntarily, since they did not have a full awareness of the situation due to their young age. However, they were forced to face the experience of exile during their childhood, which led to the birth, over time, of a new nationalist identity discourse based on the disappearance of geographical boundaries as a primary element. Thus, based on the theories of Deleuze and Guattari, subsequently developed by critics such as Joris Pierre and Rosi Braidotti and their interpretation of the nomadic subject, this essay aims to explore the emergence of a deterritorialized identity through an approach to memories pseudomemories of both writers.

How to Cite: Godoy, J.A., 2019. Niños de la guerra en México: la desterritorialización como consecuencia del exilio a través de Carlos Blanco Aguinaga y Angelina Muñiz-Huberman. Middle Atlantic Review of Latin American Studies, 3(2), pp.98–118.
Published on 26 Dec 2019.
Peer Reviewed

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