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Scholarly Article

Caudillismo Masked and Modernized: The Remaking of the Nicaraguan State via the Guardia Nacional, 1925-1936

Authors:

Michael Schroeder ,

Lebanon Valley College, US
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David C. Brooks

United States Department of State, US
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Abstract

This article examines the formation of the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua before and during the period of the Sandino rebellion, US military intervention, and its aftermath (1927-1936). Focusing on the radically abrupt upward displacement of coercive capacities in these eight years of war, we emphasize the agency of Nicaraguans in shaping the kind of institution the Guardia became. We argue that the process of war against a homegrown nationalist insurgency most profoundly shaped Guardia identity and that the Somocista state represented a masked and modernized form of caudillismo, as a political system within which political authority and power resided in personal and patronage relations.
How to Cite: Schroeder, M. and Brooks, D.C., 2018. Caudillismo Masked and Modernized: The Remaking of the Nicaraguan State via the Guardia Nacional, 1925-1936. Middle Atlantic Review of Latin American Studies, 2(2), pp.1–32. DOI: http://doi.org/10.23870/marlas.169
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Published on 27 Dec 2018.
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