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Reading: Building Hegemony: Perón, Gramsci and Political Strategy in the Age of the Masses

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Building Hegemony: Perón, Gramsci and Political Strategy in the Age of the Masses

Author:

Theron Corse

Fayetteville State University
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Abstract

The signs and symbols of authority in Peronism were deeply ambiguous from the beginning. October 17, 1945, both in myth and historiography, presents a dual and contradictory notion of authority. On the one hand, the great rally of October 17 represents the power of the masses, dirty and ill-clothed, seizing the initiative, while on the other, it also represents the authority and centrality of a single man, the leader whose imprisonment spurred those masses to action—Juan Perón. In its deeply ambiguous message about power, the image of October 17 vividly crystallizes a key dynamic of Peronism. In many ways, Peronism can be viewed as the story of the tension between popular sovereignty and the authority of the leader. Born in an explosion of popular force, Peronism sees the ultimate decline of popular sovereignty, moving, sometimes steadily, sometimes more erratically, towards an increasingly authoritarian, leader-centered model of power.

How to Cite: Corse, T., (2007). Building Hegemony: Perón, Gramsci and Political Strategy in the Age of the Masses. Middle Atlantic Review of Latin American Studies. 12(1), pp.107–118. DOI: http://doi.org/10.23870/7
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Published on 01 Jan 2007.
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