While the process of independence in Brazil was a relatively peaceful political development, in contrast to the protracted wars of liberation in other Latin American countries, less attention has been paid to Brazil’s late-colonial revolts that challenged the country’s separation from Portugal, officially declared in 1822. Eager to keep the status quo and the benefits provided by it, a group of colonialists in the state of Bahia, backed by the Portuguese crown, did not obey the orders to disarm, thus posing for a considerable amount of time a staunch resistance to the nationalist, pro-independence forces under the command of the Brazilian emperor Pedro I. Battles ensued in the following months, and the independence was finally consolidated in July 1823, after a successful military campaign in which a young woman, Maria Quitéria de Jesus, played a critical role in the struggle against the Portuguese.
How to Cite:
Vassoler, I., (2007). A Woman on the Frontlines Against the Last Bastion of Colonialism in Brazil. Middle Atlantic Review of Latin American Studies. 18(1), pp.38–54. DOI: http://doi.org/10.23870/55