In Argentina, the end of the Cold War coincided with Carlos Menem’s election to the presidency. A charismatic leader, Menem brilliantly integrated disparate and often conflicting strands of the Peronist movement into his politics. He campaigned against the post-dictatorship Radical Party government of President Raúl Alfonsin, in disarray over its inability to slow economic decline and hyperinflation. Menem’s presidential run featured traditional Peronist calls for a strong union movement in defense of national industry, an end to the foreign debt burden, and oblique criticisms of international capital. His victory and early assumption of office in late 1989 made foreign and domestic business leaders nervous. Nevertheless, in the most stunning about face in twentieth century Argentine politics, within eighteen months Menem had reinvented himself and his party. In the late 1980s the Reagan and Bush administrations had placed a new policy emphasis on the free movement of goods and capital in and out of stable democratic polities in the Americas. Following similar shifts in Brazil and Mexico, Menem aligned his economic and foreign policies with those of Washington.
How to Cite:
Sheinin, D., (2007). Finding an Alliance: Rethinking Argentine-United States Cold War Relations. Middle Atlantic Review of Latin American Studies. 16(1), pp.32–72. DOI: http://doi.org/10.23870/36